As I have already told about the buttons for HSF, I will show how I’ve made them. Cloth buttons (of wool, or rather vadmal – thick, stomped wool) have been found on Greenland. AMS dating (Accelerator Mass Spectronomy) dates the garments of Herjolfnes (a norse settlement site on Greenland) to have existed for at least 800 years, which makes them fit the time for my hood as well. More info about these garments can be found in ”Medieval garments reconstructed – Norse clothing patterns” by Lilli Fransen, Anna Nørgaard and Else Østergård, amongst other books.
The buttons from Greenland had circular patterns sewn on them, but I’ve left mine undecorated.
My technique for buttons is:
Firstly, all you need is thread (I used flax thread – or is it called linnen thread in English? – and beeswax), a needle and fabric. Leftover fabric from the garment is brilliant for this. I cut them in squares using eye-measurement, approximately as big as I want the buttons.
Next step is to cut the square into a circle, and sew ”up-down-stitches” (in Swedish they’re called förstygn, I have no idea what the English word is, but the image might explain better) around the edge. Draw tight so the circle gets the shape of a bowl.
Next step, put the leftover fabric from the square-to-circle-step inside the button ”bowl”.
Pull the button close and stitch it close and flat-ish.
Fasten the thread and voilà, you have a cloth button!